Types of cocoa
CRIOLLO: The rare bean
The Criollo beans are the finest & of cocoa beans.
These beans are fruit forward & are highly aromatic. They lack bitterness and have rich secondary notes.
It only accounts for only 2% of the global cocoa produced as they are extremely vulnerable to environmental threats & have a low yield as the trees produce very limited pods.
Farmers find this crop extremely difficult to produce, which is due to both low yield and high susceptibility to pest attacks as the beans are naturally sweet in taste. This leads to the constantly diminishing availability of this bean.
The pods are usually red or purple in & have a grainy uneven surface. The of the beans
The Criollo tree is native to Central & Southern America, the Caribbean islands & Sri Lanka.
FORASTERO: The Robust bean
The Forastero beans are commonly referred to as bulk cocoa. They are the most widely produced cocoa variety in the world, contributing to almost 80 -85% of the world’s total cocoa produce.
They are bitter in taste and don’t have a secondary supporting it like the Criollo. The exterior surface of the cocoa pod is relatively smooth & harder in comparison to the pod. The profile is strong and earthy and needs to be mixed with superior quality cocoa for added taste.
These beans are available in abundance and account for about 80-85% of the world’s cocoa. Unlike the Criollo beans, the Forastaro beans are not susceptible to diseases and have a much higher yield, making them the chosen variety cocoa producers due to their robustness.
When freshly cut open, the of the beans is purple and that of the pod is yellow.
Generally produced in Ghana, Nigeria ivory coast New
TRINITARIO: The Hybrid bean
The Trinitario beans are a natural hybrid resulting for the cross pollination between the Criollo and beans.
They account for 10%-13% of the global cocoa production.
The of Trintario pods
Native Region: It first came into existence on the island of Trinidad after the local crops were destroyed by a hurricane & new crops were replanted This gave birth to natural hybrids as an outcome of natural cross pollination between the old Criollo crop & newly planted crops
They are also found in the Caribbean